Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more;
but they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree, and none shall make them afraid.
-- Micah 4:3-4


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Adin Ballou and Hopedale

Brock, Peter. Freedom from War: Nonsectarian Pacifism 1814-1914. Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1991.
     Contains a chapter on "The Pacifism of Adin Ballou."

Calverton, V. F. Where Angels Dared to Tread. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1941.
     History of American utopian communities; contains a chapter on Hopedale.

Garner, John S. The Model Company Town: Urban Design through Private Enterprise in Nineteenth-Century New England. Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press, 1984.
     A history of the town of Hopedale, with emphasis on its post-Community development.

Hinds, William Alfred. American Communities and Co-operative Colonies. 1908; reprint, Philadelphia, Porcupine Press, 1975.
     History of American utopian communities; contains a chapter on Hopedale.

Hughes, Lynn Gordon. "A Child of My Own Begetting: Adin Ballou as an Educational Reformer." Unpublished paper.

Hughes, Peter. "The Origins and First Stage of the Restorationist Controversy." Journal of Unitarian Universalist History (2000), 1-57; "The Second Phase of the Restorationist Controversy: Disciplinary Crisis and Schism, 1824-1831." Journal of Unitarian Universalist History (2001:2), 28-91.

Hunt, James D. "Adin Ballou and America's Wars." Unpublished speech.

Hunt, James D. "Adin Ballou, Tolstoy, and Gandhi." Unpublished speech.

Hunt, James D. "Gandhi, Thoreau, and Adin Ballou." Journal of the Liberal Ministry 9:4 (Fall 1969), 32-52.

Kesten, Seymour R. Utopian Episodes: Daily Life in Experimental Colonies Dedicated to Changing the World. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1993.

Mabee, Carleton. Black Freedom: The Nonviolent Abolitionists from 1830 through the Civil War. London, The Macmillan Company, 1970.

Perry, Lewis. "Adin Ballouís Hopedale and the Theology of Antislavery." Church History 39 (1970), 372-379. Reprinted in John R. McKivian (ed.), History of the American Abolitionist Movement New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1999).

Scott, Clinton Lee. These Live Tomorrow: Twenty Unitarian Universalist Lives. Boston, Beacon Press, 1964.
     A collection of brief biographies suitable for young readers; contains a chapter on Adin Ballou.

Sokolow, Jayme, and Priscilla R. Roosevelt. "Leo Tolstoiís Christian Pacifism: the American Contribution." Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies #604. Pittsburgh, Center for Russian and East European Studies, University of Pittsburgh, 1987.

Spann, Edward K. Hopedale: From Commune to Company Town 1840-1920. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1992.
     The best modern history of Hopedale, sympathetic to the Community and its founders.

Tolstoy, Leo. The Kingdom of God Is within You: Christianity not as a mystic religion but as a new theory of life. Translated by Constance Garnett. 1894; reprint, Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, 1984.